Campaign Archive: (Feb 05 to present)
1. Create a deadline for action Ban the sale of incandescents by specific dates Ban 60W + 100W incandescents first (bayonet + screw)
Ban other incandescent designs later
2. Remove the price advantage of incandescents Increase the cost of incandescent light bulbs
Reduce the sales tax (VAT) on CFLs from 17.5% to 5%
3. Help the poor
Help the poor to replace their incandescents Help the poor to save money on their energy bills
4. Encourage responsible recycling
Encourage the responsible recycling of CFLs Encourage fair + adequate funding for recycling Encourage discussions amongst recycling stakeholders
5. Encourage + strengthen supporting legislation
Include light bulbs in the EU's Eco Directive Explain the pros + cons of the EU's RoHS Directive
6. Propose appriopriate exemptions Make the case for appropriate medical and specialist exemptions
7. Encourage continued innovation
Propose that technology neutral "watts per lumen"
criteria should be included in ban legislation
Propose "watts per lumen per m2" as further criteria
Highlight promising technologies as they emerge
8. Encourage energy efficiency and conservation
Explain the benefits of greater energy efficiency Explain the benefits of turning things off Accelerate the uptake of available technologies
9. Use LEDs to set energy performance standards
LEDs offer a 90% energy saving CFLs offer a 65-80% energy saving High efficiency incandescents offer a 25% saving Incandescents offer 0% energy saving
Banning incandescent light bulbs would...
Save 2 to 5 Million tonnes of CO2 per year in the UK
Save 23 to 53 Million tonnes of CO2 per year in the EU
Global Energy Use:
BBC "Green Room" 3 Feb 06
Light bulbs: Not such a bright idea
BBC "Green Room" 21 April 06
Shedding light on call to ban bulb
BBC "Green Room" 20 Oct 06
Where have all the leaders gone?
BBC article 29 Jun 06 Lighting the key to energy saving
IEA : Lights Labour Lost report
BBC article 2 Nov 06 Bulbs must be efficient by 2009
BBC "Green Room" 19 Jan 07 The need for ambition + imagination
Stern Review: Summary
Guardian article 1 Feb 07 Should I replace incandescents now?
Worldwatch: Effects of WEEE Directive
BBC article 31 Jan 07 Plan to ban light bulbs... in California
Nine MSN article 20 Feb 07 Plan to ban light bulbs... in Australia
BBC article 20 Feb 07 Australia pulls plug on old bulbs
Courier Mail article 21 Feb 07 See the light Turnbull
EurActiv article 21 Feb 07 How many EU members does it take to change a light bulb?
Guardian article 22 Feb 07 Should we ban these bulbs?
Scotsman article 24 Feb 07 How many light bulbs does it take
to change the world?
Daily Mail article 10 Mar 07 EU switches off our old light bulbs
BBC "Green Room" 16 July 07 Sex sells, but at what cost?
The Guardian article 27 Sept 07 UK to phase out 150W, 100W + 60W bulbs
The Guardian article 27 Sept 07
Ban The Bulb?
International Light Bulb Campaigns 18 Seconds (US)
Greenpeace India : BTB petition (India)
www.banthebulb.co.uk (UK: unaffiliated)
Campaigns One Watt Initiative (IEA)
One Billion Bulbs (US)
Big Green Switch (UK)
Eco Portal Eco Earth Info (US)
References Homestayfinder: How CFLs work MPs' Letters: EU light bulb rules Wikipedia: Ozone Depletion
EU: Kyoto Protocol
Lighting Industry Federation
>LIF: Lamp Guide 2001 pdf
UK Climate Change Programme
>UK CCP: Review pdf
UK Market Transformation Programme
ECCP Report 2001 pdf
European Lamp Companies Federation
DTI: WEEE Directive
Energy Saving Trust
GE: Soft White Dimmable CFLs
Cubans + Jamaicans hand out free CFLs
Energy Saving Trust
Low energy fittings
Save Your 20%
Customer Utility Services
Light bulb suppliers
Direct Trade Supplies
Light Rabbit : Commercial
AVR LED Track Lighting
Synergy Lighting USA (USA)
Express Light Bulbs
LED Light Bulbs
LED Lighting Supplier
eco LED Light
LED Eco Lights
Light Bulb Planet
First Light Direct
Lamps On Line
Bright Green Technology (signs)
Eco Friendly Light Bulbs
Go Green Lights (UK)
Energy Saving World (UK)
Light Bulbs Direct (UK)
Better Generation (UK)
Efficient Light (UK)
The Bulbman (US)
LED Online [LEDs] (UK)
OptoSource [LEDs] (UK)
CyberLux [LEDs] (US)
Androv Medical (UK)
The Light Bulb (UK)
Solar Power Centre (UK)
Intelligent Energy Solutions (UK)
Solar Insiders (UK)
Solar Gadget Store (UK)
Select Solar Panels (UK)
Energy Saving Advice
Conserve Energy (UK)
Intelligent Energy Solutions (UK)
Solar Security Solutions (UK)
Energy Company Advice
Good Energy Shop (UK)
Home Energy Generation / Storage
Cyber Energy (UK)
Low carbon technology sites
The Solar Centre (UK)
Price comparison sites
Business Electricity Prices (UK)
Business Gas Prices (UK)
USwitch: Business Energy (UK)
Home Advisory Service (UK)
UK Power (UK)
Business Gas (UK) Business Electricity (UK)
Solar Price Comparison Services
Talk Solar Panels (UK)
Talk Solar Boilers (UK)
Solar Quote Provider (UK)
Lux Outdoor Ligting (UK)
The Eco Experts (UK)
Light bulb history
1809 Humphrey Davy (Arc lamp) 1820 Warren De la Rue (vacuum + wire) 1879 Edison and Swan (carbon + cotton) 1880 Edison (carbon + bamboo) 1898 Karl Auer (osmium) 1903 Siemens/Halske (tantalum) 1906 to 10 GEC/William Coolidge (tungsten)
Fluorescent light and lamp history
1857 Becquerel (fluorescence) 1901 Cooper Hewitt (mercury vapour lamp) 1934 Germer (high pressure lamp) 1970s Anderson + Hollister (electrodeless) 1976 Edward Hammer (spiral lamp)
Mercury + Fluorescent Lights
Michigan Dept. of Env. Quality
Energy Efficiency Advice
EU Energy Label
Insulation + Windows
Find recommended products (UK)
Generate your own energy
Solar water heating
Small scale wind
Small scale hydro
The Guardian 7 Dec 05
BBC News Online 'Green Room' 3 Feb 06
BBC Radio 4 'Broadcasting House' 5 Feb 06
Austrian Broadcasting Corp. 7 Feb 06
BBC Radio Wales 8 Feb 06
BBC News Online 8 Feb 06
The Hindustan Times editorial
The Guardian "Campaign O.T.W. " 21 Feb 06
BBC Radio Essex 22 Feb 06
Interesting energy ideas...
Option 10 (UK)
Light Up The World (Can)
Downshifting Path (UK)
Cent. for Alt. Tech. (Wales)
Patio Heaters Are Evil (UK)
Friends of the Earth Greenpeace International Natural Resources Defense Council New Economics Foundation WWF
Renewable Energy Businesses
Climate Stability 2005
UK Energy Research Centre
National Audit Office > report
Alternative Energy Blog
Sierra Club Scoop
© matt prescott
Thursday, December 17, 2015
Big brands 'cheating' with false energy efficiency claimsBREAKING NEWS... from The Guardian... VW mark II?
Lightbulb manufacturers are misleading consumers about the brightness and energy use of their products by exploiting a loophole in European tests, lab results seen by the Guardian show.
Ikea, Philips, GE and Osram are among the companies exaggerating energy performance up to 25% higher than that claimed on packaging, according to the Swedish Consumer Association tests. Ikea told the Guardian as a result it would refund customers who were dissatisfied with bulbs they had bought from its stores.
The discrepancy is caused by manufacturers taking advantage of leeways – known as “tolerances” in official testing procedures for bulbs.
The Swedish tests, conducted between, 2012-14, found that a 42W Airam halogen lamp consumed 25% more energy than claimed on the label to achieve its declared 630 lumens of brightness.
A GE 70W halogen bulb guzzled 20% more energy to reach its stated 1,200 lumens. A 28W Philips halogen bulb was found to be 24% less bright than claimed while Ikea’s 53W and 70W bulbs both underperformed by 16%.
A senior lighting industry executive told the Guardian that tolerance manipulation was rampant, forcing smaller firms to put substandard products onto the market or risk going out of business.
“All the major brands are doing it,” the source said, speaking on condition of anonymity.
“No one is clean on this issue and everyone has to follow suit to compete. In the past, we declared our measured values on the packaging but when we measured our competitors equivalent products we saw that they were declaring higher values on their labels.
“So we had to play the same game. We’re in a competitive market and if we didn’t, we would be idiots.”
There is nothing illegal about the mislabelling, which cuts across brands and ranges and affects the lightbulbs’ advertised brightness per unit of energy – rather than their A-G energy label ratings.
But the same whistleblower, who has two decades of experience in the industry, said that many companies manufactured products with lower-grade components knowing that they would fall short of the required wattage and lumens specifications, as his firm was now reluctantly doing.
“The industry just follows the letter of the regulations, and they’re not in line with today’s technology,” he explained. “The net result is that consumers are being cheated by the system and I’m fed up with it.”
The European tests for bulbs allow for a 10% tolerance threshold, meaning a bulb advertised as rated at 600 lumens, a measure of brightness, could in reality be 540 lumens.
A 2-3% tolerance threshold would be fairer and easily doable at little extra cost to consumers, the Guardian’s source said.
The European commission is aware of the loophole and has been working on proposals to close it since November 2012. Staff working documents show that officials knew that firms were exploiting loopholes in the system as far back as 2013. But plans for a legislative proposal are still gathering dust.
“The commission found out that lighting manufacturers were adding the tolerance to the performance they measured for their own lamps, and using this to claim a higher label class than the performance they measured [in their energy] labelling or claim a pass for a product they measured as failing in ecodesign [regulations],” a commission spokesperson said. “This is not what is meant to be done, but the text of the regulations did not specifically exclude it.”
While the commission has moved to close the loophole in energy labelling, lamp ecodesign requirements will not be reformed until next year, the official added.
This would leave the tolerance loophole in place for other home appliances such as TVs, water heaters, dishwashers, washing machines, fridges and air conditioners.
The cost to consumers across the home appliance industry range could be as high as €2bn a year, when other home appliance product ranges were factored in, the campaign group Coolproducts said.
Viktor Sundberg, a vice-president at Electrolux said that tolerance loopholes should be closed across all product ranges. “I would like the EU to go ahead with a clarification to make the law clearer to everyone at the beginning of next year,” he said.
Efficiency campaigners say that they have been told by officials that a robust proposal to address the problem is “doomed” because of fears in Brussels of attracting headlines comparing it to the VW diesel emissions scandal.
“VW went bang and EU regulators woke up,” said Stephane Arditi, a product expert for the European Environmental Bureau. “The same thing could happen with home appliances, but the commission leadership would prefer to go back to sleep. They should accelerate rather than bury these reforms. Until they do, the playing field will slope in favour of those prepared to deceive their own customers.”
Raw data from the 2012 and 2013 tests has been published on a blog.
When contacted by the Guardian, Ikea offered full refunds or product exchanges to any customers dissatisfied with lightbulbs they had bought from their stores.
“The report refers to halogen bulbs that are no longer sold at Ikea,” a spokesperson for the Swedish firm said. “Since September 2015, we switched our entire lighting range to LED for our customers to live a more sustainable life at home.”
Jo Picardo, a spokesperson for Philips, said that the firm complied with all relevant standards and was committed to accurate labelling.
“Lamp performance can differ per bulb,” she said. “This is the nature of the product and is especially true of halogen bulbs due to the tungsten coil. On average our bulbs meet the specs well within the allowed 10% tolerance range.”
Osram described the issue as “not company-specific but an industry topic” and deferred to the Lighting Europe trade association.
Diederik de Stoppelaar, Lighting Europe’s secretary-general, said that the industry was aware of the problem and that his association’s tests had found discrepancies of up to 35% in stated lightbulb performances, mostly involving bulbs manufactured outside the EU.
“The allegations are not new to us as in our market surveillance programme we had the same findings,” he said. “We found mistakes in lumen output mainly.” His preferred solution though was for a simplified label, rather than an end to the current tolerance threshold.
“We need a reasonable tolerance and in principle, tolerances of 10% are accepted in international standards,” he said. “I believe that all the major suppliers are within the limit. Once or twice you might get an occasional difference but that can also be a manufacturing issue, or an exceptional case.”
De Stoppelaar declined to share information about the performance of EU-based companies in Lighting Europe’s surveys.
• This article was amended on 17 December 2015. An earlier version showed a photograph of a fluorescent, rather than halogen, bulb.
Posted 11:26 AM by Matt Prescott